India vs Nepal Border Dispute

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India vs Nepal Border Dispute

India vs Nepal Border Dispute

The kind of close relations India has shared with Nepal historically, has not been shared with the other country. Not only can Indians and Nepalese cross each other’s borders without a visa. but they will also reside and add each other’s countries. But these relations have begun to sour over the past few days and years. Recently, the Prime Minister of Nepal claimed that India is liable for the spread of coronavirus in Nepal. Furthermore, the Prime Minister of Nepal has accused India of occupying some area of Nepal. A border dispute is brewing between both countries. So what is this border dispute? Why did it start? India vs Nepal Border Dispute? And who is right in this case – India or Nepal?

Let us see This controversy surfaced within the Indian media when Nepal came out with its new map a few days ago They came out with a new map of their country and within it, they included an area which they hadn’t earlier the area which is under India’s control today If you look at their new map, this area is a triangular-shaped disputed area in the northwestern tip of Nepal.

 This area is the easternmost tip of Uttarakhand This entails an area of around 300 square kilometers And the northmost village/place is Limpiyadhura The southeastern part of it is Lipulekh pass Gunji lies in the southwest and Kalapani in the south So this area has been defined based on these three places- Limpiyadhura, Lipulekh, and Kalapani Nepal believes that this area rightfully belongs to Nepal whereas as India believes it is India’s Before we address the question of who is right and what the history of this land is.

India vs Nepal Border Dispute​ History

India vs Nepal Border Dispute

First, I’d like to tell you that this controversy broke out due to two events which happened around 6 months ago. The first event happened in November 2019 The Modi government released a new map of India. 

In which the region of Kalapani was claimed to be under India. which triggered the Nepal government The second event happened on 8th May 2020. when the Indian Defense Minister inaugurated a new road. This road was around 80 kilometers along the India-Nepal border through this disputed area until Lipulekh. The purpose of this road was to aid the people in the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra.

As per claims Because above this disputed area lies Tibet. where the Kailash Mansarovar is situated Before the construction of this road. the yatris had to go to the Kailash Mansarovar via Sikkim It was a trek of 5 days. After the construction of this road, they will reach China’s border in a car. which will be followed by a mere 2-day trek After the inauguration of this road. 

The Nepal government was upset as they believed that Lipulekh pass comes under. Nepal and they also believed that if India had to construct this road. they should have consulted Nepal first and worked out an agreement before doing this In response to this. the external affairs ministry of India said that this area comes completely under. 

The territory of India and therefore they did not hold a consultation with Nepal. This was not required because they had constructed a road within their own territory. But situations began to go from bad to worse when protests regarding this erupted in Nepal. The Army chief of 15th May said that the protests in Nepal were influenced by China. This further upset the people in Nepal and then Nepal. the government released this new map which brought the entire dispute to light. 

So the question is that why is this disputed region actually disputed? And which country does it rightfully belong to? Come, let us go through its history first Our story begins in the 1800s. around two hundred years ago, when India was under British rule. The Britishers were trying to expand towards Nepal which was under a kingdom then. The kingdom of Gorkha A battle took place between the Britishers and the Kingdom of Nepal. which is called the Anglo Nepalese war of 1814. 

This battle raged for two years- until 1816- after which. a treaty was signed Treaty of Sugauli- to decide which areas would be controlled by the Britishers. and which areas would be controlled by the Kingdom of Nepal. How much area would be assigned to both the countries at that time. According to the treaty of Sugauli, Nepal lost its area of  Sikkim and Darjeeling. That area was ceded to the Britishers And two rivers were made use of to define the dominion of Nepal. The western boundary of Nepal would be along the. Mahakali river and therefore the eastern boundary would be along the Mechi river Even today.

India vs Nepal Border Dispute

eastern and western boundaries of Nepal and India

If you observe the eastern and western boundaries of Nepal and India. are then they’re defined consistent with these two rivers Nepal- India border. runs along the rivers the matter arises at the Western border of Nepal.

If you go along the Mahakali river. Let me display a map for you- you’ll understand better this is often Uttarakhand. and this is Nepal The boundary had been defined by a line in Apple. maps once I concentrate, you’ll observe that this line runs along the river you’ll see how the whole India-Nepal. the border has been defined consistent with this river.

As I’m going upstream. this river flows along. But the matter arises where the river splits into two. Actually, it might be incorrect to mention that it splits. I’m going upstream. So, this river actually comes from two sources. Which source should be chosen to define the border? 

Upon zooming in, you’ll notice that clearly. one source appears to be a correct river and therefore the second seems like a rivulet sense suggests. that the broader stream of water should be wont to define the border. because it may be a proper river So within the beginning, this is often what the Britishers did. The thicker a part of the river, which lies on the west was wont to define the border within the maps drawn by the Britishers. 

The west river was wont to define the border And Nepal got this extra region. The map that you simply see onscreen was drawn by the Britishers in 1827 and therefore the British. chose the west river to define the boundary during this map that’s, this extra triangular part which the controversy is about- visited. the Nepal kingdom But the story isn’t so simple.

 Some years later., the Britishers realized that the additional piece of land that they had ceded to the Nepal kingdom. They needed it This land held tons of strategic importance. because it might be useful while trading with China So, some 30-40 years later, within the 1860s.

India vs Nepal Border Dispute

The Britishers changed their maps suddenly with tons of cunning. Almost suddenly, they claimed the eastern river to be the boundary in their maps. So, during this map of 1865 that you simply see on the screen, the eastern river was employed by the Britishers as a boundary between British India and therefore the Kingdom of Nepal the dominion of Nepal didn’t have a drag with this at that point, because it had been a little piece of land and it wasn’t of much use from the attitude of Nepal Almost nobody lived there. it had been a particularly difficult terrain and just one path crossed through it- the pilgrimage route to succeed in Mansarovar.

So Nepal thought of letting it go because it didn’t make much of a difference thereto They let the Britishers control it which was considered because the border from then until India got its independence from British rule and therefore the same border continued to be considered even after India became independent.

 The monarchs of Nepal… Democracy came to Nepal pretty late. It became a democratic country in 1990 Before that, a monarchy was in power So even the monarchs of Nepal didn’t have a problem with this unofficial border They kept this area out of Nepal while drawing their government maps When tensions intensified between India and China within the 1960s.

India vs Nepal Border Dispute

Indo-China war

Which ultimately led to an Indo-China war, then a post was established by the Indian army during this area Permission was sought from the Nepal monarchy- which again, didn’t have a drag with this. They gave permission for this for the protection of India. And ever since then, there’s a presence of the Indian army during this area and there are established Indian military posts 1962 onwards, both. 

India and Nepal are showing Lipulekh and Kalapani within the irrespective maps. But this is often the primary time that Nepal has shown the Limpiyadhura region in its map. the difficulty of this border dispute first reared its head in the 1990s when democracy came to Nepal. The democratic government was ready to finally access. the old historical papers to ascertain how their monarchy defined their borders. then they realized that this area should belong to Nepal and ever since then. they need being defining this as a disputed area In July 2000.

The previous Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ji and therefore the then Nepali Prime Minister discussed upon this issue to unravel the border dispute. They conducted a joint field survey to work out where the precise boundary should be within the Kalapani region But this agreement got clamped within the middle.

When India refused to withdraw its army presence from there. So discussions couldn’t continue further In May 2015, India and China signed a trade agreement to use the Lipulekh pass as a trade route And this is often the purpose when the India and Nepal relations began to sour.

 In 2015, the then Prime Minister of Nepal expressed his displeasure over the difficulty and showed objection. He claimed that the Kalapani region came under the ambit of Nepal He protested about this against both India and China therefore the biggest question is who does this disputed area rightfully belong to- India or Nepal? 

To answer this, I’d present the argument of both the edges Nepal argues that the Sugauli treaty was the last treaty during which each side was in agreement then, there has been no treaty during which each side are in agreement then they might take the Sugauli treaty as a base and thereon basis.

This area should be theirs because The treaty defines that their western boundary would be along the Mahakali river And where this river is split into two, it’s visible that the broader river is that the Mahakali river then this area comes under them The argument in India’s favor is that Nepal said nothing regarding this for therefore a few years This border has been in use for many years After the 1860s.

This has been the unofficial boundary in use Nepal didn’t object then. Neither did the monarch of Nepal have a drag thereupon So what’s the logic behind raising this issue suddenly and raising a dispute for nothing? In counter to the present, Nepal could argue that democracy came to Nepal within the 1990s before that, the monarch ruled and he exercised his own will The people’s will was never paid heed to Now that they need democracy, why should they obey the monarch if he agreed to an unofficial boundary? 

Here, another argument in India’s favor would be that even after the 1990s, when Nepal had become democratic, Nepal had not declared the Limpiyadhura thereunder for therefore a few years So what changed so suddenly that it involved a replacement political map? So these are the arguments of both the edges Here, I’d wish to ask you what your opinion is You’ve heard the whole history also because the arguments of both the edges Who does the disputed border area rightfully belong to, in your opinion? India or Nepal? Write down your opinions within the comments below And now, I’d wish to tell you my opinion consistent with me, viewed geographically, then Nepal is correct during this situation If we go consistent with the Sugauli treay.

India vs Nepal Border Dispute

the western boundary of Nepal

Which states that the western boundary of Nepal would be defined consistent with the Mahakali river So it’s quite clear that where the river is split into two, the western river is that the bigger one which should be used as a boundary. And consistent with this logic, Nepal is true But if this example is viewed practically and historically, then India is true , in my opinion This region should belong to India because British too are using this as a boundary since 1860s.

 And if the monarchs of Nepal didn’t have a problem with it and this unofficial border was in use since a few years So if suddenly Nepal begins to say that they need the 100 year old border, then it doesn’t make any sense If every country begins to behave this manner , then things won’t compute believe it- if such a situation arises between Germany and France, where Germany claims a specific region under France to be its own because that region was under them during the days of their older kingdoms Although, it had been not under them for the past hundred years.

They now stake a claim over it Things won’t compute this way- there must be numerous such countries and borders across the planet where things were different earlier but something new has been set now Thirdly, if you think that logically, then this controversy shouldn’t have arisen The border between India and Nepal is for namesake Indians and Nepalis can anyway cross the border without a visa or passport and may reside and work there So what would be so special about the disputed area?

 The Nepalis and therefore therefore the Indians can live and work there even today if they want to Both the Nepalis and the Indians can use the road which has been constructed So what’s the controversy about, then? Only about representing it on their political maps One thing I do concede here is that the Indian government should are more friendly with the govt of Nepal Talks about the development of the road could are held with Nepal before constructing it which both countries would enjoy it that the road was being constructed for his or her pilgrims of the Mansarovar which this place was also of strategic importance to them.

India vs Nepal Border Dispute

India vs Nepal Border Dispute agreement

So an agreement might be reached together But what’s happening today is that Indians are making fun of Nepalis on social media and abusing them Nepalis are writing hate comments against Indians Some Indian politicians are saying that these Nepalis are sold off to China The Prime Minister of Nepal said that the Indian virus was deadlier than the Corona virus.

 A friendship can’t be maintained among both the countries during this manner And a friendship is important because Indians and Nepalis are so integrated with each other believe it- numerous Nepalis are employed even within the Indian army I’d also wish to mention the purpose of China once Some Indians say that the Chinese have bought over the Nepalis because the ruling party in Nepal at the present may be a Communist Party. 

 since there’s also a ruling Communist Party in China, it’s being said that a Chinese influence is being exerted on Nepal it’d be faithful some extent within the remainder of the problems But talking about this specific issue- the continued border dispute i’m of the opinion that China has nothing to try to to with this And what are the explanations behind this? I’ll tell you the explanations First of all, when there was a trade agreement between India and China in 2015.

 regarding the Lipulekh region then Nepal had protested against both the countries And India and China were forming relations with each other while Nepal was against both of them and therefore the second reason is that the opposition party in Nepal holds an equivalent opinion regarding this issue that the ruling party adheres to most the parties there are united over this issue That they believe this area to be theirs.

 So then, saying that China has influence over one party makes no sense there’s no logic to the present within the end, I’d only wish to say that I hope that these two countries solve this issue through discussions are often “> this is often vital because the connection/relation between Indians and Nepalis is extremely strong and deep Several Nepalis add India and under the Indian government also as within the army each side would need to remain sensitive while solving this issue and would need to understand each other and understand each other’s perspectives in order that an answer can be figured out .


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